We already talked about the artificial windpipe that was grown and used for implants. A lot of it was pioneered by Dr. Alexander Seifalian, and since the beginning even more advancements have been made. One interesting method that was adapted by a team in Belgium was to implant the trachea into the patient’s arm before the actual transplant. By doing this, the trachea was able to have adequate blood supply from creating its own vessels to grow to its full potential, and also gave it an opportunity for the patient not to be immersed in immunosuppressive drugs for an extended period of time. Of course there are other thoughts and objections, but it is always exciting to see such innovation! (The pictures are from various trachea transplant/growing procedures. It is not from the specific study/researchers mentioned)